Statistics And Data Visualization

Average Carbon Dioxide Emission From New Passenger Cars

According to the research carried out by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, approximately 404 grams of carbon dioxide (CO2) are released each mile by the average passenger car. A typical passenger vehicle release around 4.6 metric tons of CO2 each year. This estimates that the average gasoline car on the road today gets 22.0 miles per gallon and travels about 11,500 miles per year. When a gallon of gasoline is burned, it produces approximately 8,887 grammes of CO2 (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2021).

Average CO2 emissions from new passenger cars by country

Additionally, here is another research provided by the European Environment Agency (EEA) for the CO2 emissions from passenger cars. The emissions from transport account for one quarter of the EU’s greenhouse gas emissions. The European Green Deal calls for a 90% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from transport, compared with 1990 levels, in order for the EU to become climate-neutral by 2050, while also working towards a zero-pollution ambition (Eutioean Environmnet Agency, 2021).

To reduce CO2 emissions in the road transport sector, emission performance standards for new cars were introduced in 2009 (Eutioean Environmnet Agency, 2021) setting a fleet-wide target of 130 g CO2/km for the period 2015-2019 and 95 g CO2/km for the period 2020-2024, as well as specific CO2 emission targets for each manufacturer (or pool of manufacturers). In 2019, a new Regulation (Eutioean Environmnet Agency, 2021) set new fleet-wide targets for 2025 and 2030, namely a 15% reduction from 2021 emission levels by 2025 and a 37.5% reduction by 2030.

After a steady decline between 2010 and 2016, by almost 22 g CO2/km, average emissions from new passenger cars increased in 2017, 2018 and 2019, reaching 122.3 g CO2/km in 2019. Although this remains below the 2015-2019 target of 130 g CO2/km, it is well above the 2020-2024 target of 95 g CO2/km.